County Historical Museum

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County Historical Museum & Archival Library 

County Historical Museum and Archival Library

Visit the Archival Library
801 North Main Street
Edwardsville, Illinois 62025
Wednesday–Friday: 9 a.m.–4 p.m.
Sunday: 1 p.m.–4 p.m.

Telephone/Email Research Services
Tuesday–Friday: 9 a.m.–4 p.m.
(618) 656-7569 / Email

County Historical Museum Closed for Renovation
Information about the revitalization of the historic museum building into a new museum experience can be found on the Madison County Historical Society website.
In the meantime, visit the Archival Library or take in a virtual exhibit.

News from the Museum Department

June 2021 Staff Pick
posted 8 June 2021

Work on the Madison County Railroad commenced in 1867. Prominent local men like A.W. Metcalf, Thomas Judy, and Joseph Gillespie were among the group of early leaders and fundraisers associated with the project. Local residents raised 50,000 dollars for the construction. The Alton & St. Louis Railroad contributed funding and helped with construction allowing for the two lines to connect at Edwardsville Crossing. A February 27, 1868, article detailed the first train's arrival weeks earlier:

We had the pleasure yesterday of making our first trip over this new railroad, and found it a very great improvement over the old mode of getting to and from the county seat by buggies and carriages, both in reference to time and comfort. We left Alton about nine o'clock, and arrived safely in Edwardsville a little after ten.

During the Madison County Railroad's tenure, this switch lock fastened to the plaque held a railroad switch in place. The pin lock was part of a link and pin coupler that connected two railroad cars. According to the label, both items were used or made in 1868, at the start of the rail line.

Gift of Bill Hurteau. MCHS items 2010-098-0001 and 2010-098-0002.

Eventually the line was purchased by Jay Gould who held onto it for 16 years until the Wabash Railroad gained control in 1894. In 1899, the Illinois Terminal Railroad leased the line from Edwardsville Crossing to Edwardsville. The track was later extended from Edwardsville Crossing to Alton. The next year, the line was extended again. The Illinois Terminal Railroad operated the line until it closed in the 1960s. Madison County Transit (MCT) purchased the line in 2000 with plans to make it part of the rails to trails program. Send us your comments.

May 2021 Staff Pick
posted 7 May 2021

This month's Staff Pick is selected from a recent donated. In February, the Madison County Historical Society received a sizable collection (approximately 7 cubic feet) of archival documents and artifacts from the Edwardsville Fire Department. The collection includes sprinkler heads, badges, ledgers of fire calls, photographs of firemen and fires, and more.

Future firefighters?  Children line up excitedly for a turn to hold and spray water from a fire hose, assisted by an unidentified firefighter in full uniform. MCHS photograph 2021-002-0305 (5 inches x 7 inches).

Send us your comments.


Calling all Citizen Archivists, handwriting sleuths, or anyone looking for a momentary mental diversion. Your staff here in the Museum Department have been scratching our heads trying to decipher this note scrawled on the back of an 1848 letter:

GF2-17-PG2 closeup
Closeup of MCHS document 2016-026-GF2-17 (verso): "By the ?ness of Mrs. S?" (what looks like an "fs" at the end of the first line is a 19th-century way of writing "ss.")

In this time period, one-page letters were folded up to create their own "envelope." The recipient's address was written on the verso of the letter, and the overlapping folded edges were sealed with hot wax. The torn and discolored portions on our example (overall view shown below) indicate where the wax was removed to open the letter.

GF2-17-PG2Overall view of MCHS document 2016-026-GF2-17 (verso).

Samuel W. Barrett of Charlestown, Massachusetts, wrote this letter to Gershom Flagg of Paddock's Grove (Madison County). In it, Barrett asks Flagg to foreclose on a house "if the Widdow [widow] will consent to give the place up." The front of the letter is shown below, to give you a better understanding of Barrett's handwriting patterns.

Recto of MCHS document 2016-026-GF2-17, showing the contents of the letter.

If you figure out what that phrase in the closeup at the top of this post says, please let us know!

April 2021 Staff Pick
posted 9 April 2021

This splendid ceremonial sword is the closest most of us will ever get to a secret Masonic ritual. It belonged to Herman Henry Wollbrinck in the early 1900s.

sword and sheath

engraved blade
MCHS item 1989-008-0001. The sword blade is engraved with florid tendrils and Woolbrinck's name in Old English script.

Born in Westphalia, Germany, in 1856, Henry immigrated with his family to the United States when he was about two years old. When he was 20 years old, he married Sarepta Green in St. Louis. They remained there until 1906, when they moved to Edwardsville. Wollbrinck went into the grocery business. He also managed the Leclaire Cooperative Company from 1913 until his death in 1929.

Wollbrinck was a Knight Templar, a member of the Ivanhoe Commandery of St. Louis. The color and decorative symbolism on the sword and sheath suggest that Wollbrinck achieved the highest rank, that of Commander. Museum Department staff tentatively date the sword to circa 1890–1906. If correct, the sword was likely manufactured by the Henderson Ames Company.

Notice that the pommel (the rounded knob on the end of the handle) is shaped like the head of a knight. The black grip sports a Latin cross and the knuckle guard depicts a variant of the cross pattée. The sheath is ornately engraved with scenes of crusading knights.

Send us your comments.

 montage catsup bottle    Advertising: The Art of Persuasion explores textual and textual-visual advertising in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Click here for more online exhibits.
  Superintendent Jon Parkin explains the origin of the idiom "Lock, Stock and Barrel."

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157 North Main Street,
Edwardsville, IL. 62025
618-296-6200 | Click HERE to Email
Department Contact Information Click HERE
Business Hours:  Monday-Friday, 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM
89°57'28.758"W 38°48'47.095"N